Struct glib::Bytes [] [src]

pub struct Bytes(_);

A shared immutable byte slice (the equivalent of Rc<[u8]>).

From implementations that take references (e.g. &[u8]) copy the data. The from_static constructor avoids copying static data.

use glib::Bytes;

let v = vec![1, 2, 3];
let b = Bytes::from(&v);
assert_eq!(v, b);

let s = b"xyz";
let b = Bytes::from_static(s);
assert_eq!(&s[..], b);

Methods

impl Bytes
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Creates a view into static data without copying.

Methods from Deref<Target = [u8]>

1.0.0
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Returns the number of elements in the slice.

Examples

let a = [1, 2, 3];
assert_eq!(a.len(), 3);

1.0.0
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Returns true if the slice has a length of 0.

Examples

let a = [1, 2, 3];
assert!(!a.is_empty());

1.0.0
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Returns the first element of the slice, or None if it is empty.

Examples

let v = [10, 40, 30];
assert_eq!(Some(&10), v.first());

let w: &[i32] = &[];
assert_eq!(None, w.first());

1.5.0
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Returns the first and all the rest of the elements of the slice, or None if it is empty.

Examples

let x = &[0, 1, 2];

if let Some((first, elements)) = x.split_first() {
    assert_eq!(first, &0);
    assert_eq!(elements, &[1, 2]);
}

1.5.0
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Returns the last and all the rest of the elements of the slice, or None if it is empty.

Examples

let x = &[0, 1, 2];

if let Some((last, elements)) = x.split_last() {
    assert_eq!(last, &2);
    assert_eq!(elements, &[0, 1]);
}

1.0.0
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Returns the last element of the slice, or None if it is empty.

Examples

let v = [10, 40, 30];
assert_eq!(Some(&30), v.last());

let w: &[i32] = &[];
assert_eq!(None, w.last());

1.0.0
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Returns a reference to an element or subslice depending on the type of index.

  • If given a position, returns a reference to the element at that position or None if out of bounds.
  • If given a range, returns the subslice corresponding to that range, or None if out of bounds.

Examples

let v = [10, 40, 30];
assert_eq!(Some(&40), v.get(1));
assert_eq!(Some(&[10, 40][..]), v.get(0..2));
assert_eq!(None, v.get(3));
assert_eq!(None, v.get(0..4));

1.0.0
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Returns a reference to an element or subslice, without doing bounds checking.

This is generally not recommended, use with caution! For a safe alternative see get.

Examples

let x = &[1, 2, 4];

unsafe {
    assert_eq!(x.get_unchecked(1), &2);
}

1.0.0
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Returns a raw pointer to the slice's buffer.

The caller must ensure that the slice outlives the pointer this function returns, or else it will end up pointing to garbage.

Modifying the container referenced by this slice may cause its buffer to be reallocated, which would also make any pointers to it invalid.

Examples

let x = &[1, 2, 4];
let x_ptr = x.as_ptr();

unsafe {
    for i in 0..x.len() {
        assert_eq!(x.get_unchecked(i), &*x_ptr.offset(i as isize));
    }
}

1.0.0
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Returns an iterator over the slice.

Examples

let x = &[1, 2, 4];
let mut iterator = x.iter();

assert_eq!(iterator.next(), Some(&1));
assert_eq!(iterator.next(), Some(&2));
assert_eq!(iterator.next(), Some(&4));
assert_eq!(iterator.next(), None);

1.0.0
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Returns an iterator over all contiguous windows of length size. The windows overlap. If the slice is shorter than size, the iterator returns no values.

Panics

Panics if size is 0.

Examples

let slice = ['r', 'u', 's', 't'];
let mut iter = slice.windows(2);
assert_eq!(iter.next().unwrap(), &['r', 'u']);
assert_eq!(iter.next().unwrap(), &['u', 's']);
assert_eq!(iter.next().unwrap(), &['s', 't']);
assert!(iter.next().is_none());

If the slice is shorter than size:

let slice = ['f', 'o', 'o'];
let mut iter = slice.windows(4);
assert!(iter.next().is_none());

1.0.0
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Returns an iterator over size elements of the slice at a time. The chunks are slices and do not overlap. If size does not divide the length of the slice, then the last chunk will not have length size.

Panics

Panics if size is 0.

Examples

let slice = ['l', 'o', 'r', 'e', 'm'];
let mut iter = slice.chunks(2);
assert_eq!(iter.next().unwrap(), &['l', 'o']);
assert_eq!(iter.next().unwrap(), &['r', 'e']);
assert_eq!(iter.next().unwrap(), &['m']);
assert!(iter.next().is_none());

1.0.0
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Divides one slice into two at an index.

The first will contain all indices from [0, mid) (excluding the index mid itself) and the second will contain all indices from [mid, len) (excluding the index len itself).

Panics

Panics if mid > len.

Examples

let v = [10, 40, 30, 20, 50];
let (v1, v2) = v.split_at(2);
assert_eq!([10, 40], v1);
assert_eq!([30, 20, 50], v2);

1.0.0
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Returns an iterator over subslices separated by elements that match pred. The matched element is not contained in the subslices.

Examples

let slice = [10, 40, 33, 20];
let mut iter = slice.split(|num| num % 3 == 0);

assert_eq!(iter.next().unwrap(), &[10, 40]);
assert_eq!(iter.next().unwrap(), &[20]);
assert!(iter.next().is_none());

If the first element is matched, an empty slice will be the first item returned by the iterator. Similarly, if the last element in the slice is matched, an empty slice will be the last item returned by the iterator:

let slice = [10, 40, 33];
let mut iter = slice.split(|num| num % 3 == 0);

assert_eq!(iter.next().unwrap(), &[10, 40]);
assert_eq!(iter.next().unwrap(), &[]);
assert!(iter.next().is_none());

If two matched elements are directly adjacent, an empty slice will be present between them:

let slice = [10, 6, 33, 20];
let mut iter = slice.split(|num| num % 3 == 0);

assert_eq!(iter.next().unwrap(), &[10]);
assert_eq!(iter.next().unwrap(), &[]);
assert_eq!(iter.next().unwrap(), &[20]);
assert!(iter.next().is_none());

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🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (slice_rsplit)

Returns an iterator over subslices separated by elements that match pred, starting at the end of the slice and working backwards. The matched element is not contained in the subslices.

Examples

#![feature(slice_rsplit)]

let slice = [11, 22, 33, 0, 44, 55];
let mut iter = slice.rsplit(|num| *num == 0);

assert_eq!(iter.next().unwrap(), &[44, 55]);
assert_eq!(iter.next().unwrap(), &[11, 22, 33]);
assert_eq!(iter.next(), None);

As with split(), if the first or last element is matched, an empty slice will be the first (or last) item returned by the iterator.

#![feature(slice_rsplit)]

let v = &[0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8];
let mut it = v.rsplit(|n| *n % 2 == 0);
assert_eq!(it.next().unwrap(), &[]);
assert_eq!(it.next().unwrap(), &[3, 5]);
assert_eq!(it.next().unwrap(), &[1, 1]);
assert_eq!(it.next().unwrap(), &[]);
assert_eq!(it.next(), None);

1.0.0
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Returns an iterator over subslices separated by elements that match pred, limited to returning at most n items. The matched element is not contained in the subslices.

The last element returned, if any, will contain the remainder of the slice.

Examples

Print the slice split once by numbers divisible by 3 (i.e. [10, 40], [20, 60, 50]):

let v = [10, 40, 30, 20, 60, 50];

for group in v.splitn(2, |num| *num % 3 == 0) {
    println!("{:?}", group);
}

1.0.0
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Returns an iterator over subslices separated by elements that match pred limited to returning at most n items. This starts at the end of the slice and works backwards. The matched element is not contained in the subslices.

The last element returned, if any, will contain the remainder of the slice.

Examples

Print the slice split once, starting from the end, by numbers divisible by 3 (i.e. [50], [10, 40, 30, 20]):

let v = [10, 40, 30, 20, 60, 50];

for group in v.rsplitn(2, |num| *num % 3 == 0) {
    println!("{:?}", group);
}

1.0.0
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Returns true if the slice contains an element with the given value.

Examples

let v = [10, 40, 30];
assert!(v.contains(&30));
assert!(!v.contains(&50));

1.0.0
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Returns true if needle is a prefix of the slice.

Examples

let v = [10, 40, 30];
assert!(v.starts_with(&[10]));
assert!(v.starts_with(&[10, 40]));
assert!(!v.starts_with(&[50]));
assert!(!v.starts_with(&[10, 50]));

Always returns true if needle is an empty slice:

let v = &[10, 40, 30];
assert!(v.starts_with(&[]));
let v: &[u8] = &[];
assert!(v.starts_with(&[]));

1.0.0
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Returns true if needle is a suffix of the slice.

Examples

let v = [10, 40, 30];
assert!(v.ends_with(&[30]));
assert!(v.ends_with(&[40, 30]));
assert!(!v.ends_with(&[50]));
assert!(!v.ends_with(&[50, 30]));

Always returns true if needle is an empty slice:

let v = &[10, 40, 30];
assert!(v.ends_with(&[]));
let v: &[u8] = &[];
assert!(v.ends_with(&[]));

Binary searches this sorted slice for a given element.

If the value is found then Ok is returned, containing the index of the matching element; if the value is not found then Err is returned, containing the index where a matching element could be inserted while maintaining sorted order.

Examples

Looks up a series of four elements. The first is found, with a uniquely determined position; the second and third are not found; the fourth could match any position in [1, 4].

let s = [0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55];

assert_eq!(s.binary_search(&13),  Ok(9));
assert_eq!(s.binary_search(&4),   Err(7));
assert_eq!(s.binary_search(&100), Err(13));
let r = s.binary_search(&1);
assert!(match r { Ok(1...4) => true, _ => false, });

1.0.0
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Binary searches this sorted slice with a comparator function.

The comparator function should implement an order consistent with the sort order of the underlying slice, returning an order code that indicates whether its argument is Less, Equal or Greater the desired target.

If a matching value is found then returns Ok, containing the index for the matched element; if no match is found then Err is returned, containing the index where a matching element could be inserted while maintaining sorted order.

Examples

Looks up a series of four elements. The first is found, with a uniquely determined position; the second and third are not found; the fourth could match any position in [1, 4].

let s = [0, 1, 1, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21, 34, 55];

let seek = 13;
assert_eq!(s.binary_search_by(|probe| probe.cmp(&seek)), Ok(9));
let seek = 4;
assert_eq!(s.binary_search_by(|probe| probe.cmp(&seek)), Err(7));
let seek = 100;
assert_eq!(s.binary_search_by(|probe| probe.cmp(&seek)), Err(13));
let seek = 1;
let r = s.binary_search_by(|probe| probe.cmp(&seek));
assert!(match r { Ok(1...4) => true, _ => false, });

1.10.0
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Binary searches this sorted slice with a key extraction function.

Assumes that the slice is sorted by the key, for instance with sort_by_key using the same key extraction function.

If a matching value is found then returns Ok, containing the index for the matched element; if no match is found then Err is returned, containing the index where a matching element could be inserted while maintaining sorted order.

Examples

Looks up a series of four elements in a slice of pairs sorted by their second elements. The first is found, with a uniquely determined position; the second and third are not found; the fourth could match any position in [1, 4].

let s = [(0, 0), (2, 1), (4, 1), (5, 1), (3, 1),
         (1, 2), (2, 3), (4, 5), (5, 8), (3, 13),
         (1, 21), (2, 34), (4, 55)];

assert_eq!(s.binary_search_by_key(&13, |&(a,b)| b),  Ok(9));
assert_eq!(s.binary_search_by_key(&4, |&(a,b)| b),   Err(7));
assert_eq!(s.binary_search_by_key(&100, |&(a,b)| b), Err(13));
let r = s.binary_search_by_key(&1, |&(a,b)| b);
assert!(match r { Ok(1...4) => true, _ => false, });

1.0.0
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Copies self into a new Vec.

Examples

let s = [10, 40, 30];
let x = s.to_vec();
// Here, `s` and `x` can be modified independently.

Trait Implementations

impl Clone for Bytes
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Returns a copy of the value. Read more

1.0.0
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Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more

impl StaticType for Bytes
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Returns the type identifier of Self.

impl Send for Bytes
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impl Sync for Bytes
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impl<'a, T: ?Sized + Borrow<[u8]> + 'a> From<&'a T> for Bytes
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Performs the conversion.

impl Debug for Bytes
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Formats the value using the given formatter.

impl Deref for Bytes
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The resulting type after dereferencing.

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Dereferences the value.

impl PartialEq for Bytes
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This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests for !=.

impl Eq for Bytes
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impl PartialOrd for Bytes
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This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

impl Ord for Bytes
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This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more

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🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ord_max_min)

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more

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🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (ord_max_min)

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more

impl<'a, 'b> PartialEq<[u8]> for Bytes
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This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests for !=.

impl<'a, 'b> PartialOrd<[u8]> for Bytes
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This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

impl<'a, 'b> PartialEq<&'a [u8]> for Bytes
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This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests for !=.

impl<'a, 'b> PartialOrd<&'a [u8]> for Bytes
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This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

impl<'a, 'b> PartialEq<[u8]> for &'a Bytes
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This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests for !=.

impl<'a, 'b> PartialOrd<[u8]> for &'a Bytes
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This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

impl<'a, 'b> PartialEq<Vec<u8>> for Bytes
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This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests for !=.

impl<'a, 'b> PartialOrd<Vec<u8>> for Bytes
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This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

impl<'a, 'b> PartialEq<Vec<u8>> for &'a Bytes
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This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests for !=.

impl<'a, 'b> PartialOrd<Vec<u8>> for &'a Bytes
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This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

1.0.0
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This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

impl Hash for Bytes
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Feeds this value into the given [Hasher]. Read more

1.3.0
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Feeds a slice of this type into the given [Hasher]. Read more