pub struct Language(_);
Expand description

The Language structure is used to represent a language.

Language pointers can be efficiently copied and compared with each other.


Convert a language tag to a Language.

The language tag must be in a RFC-3066 format. Language pointers can be efficiently copied (copy the pointer) and compared with other language tags (compare the pointer.)

This function first canonicalizes the string by converting it to lowercase, mapping ‘_’ to ‘-’, and stripping all characters other than letters and ‘-’.

Use default() if you want to get the Language for the current locale of the process.


a string representing a language tag


a Language

Checks if a language tag matches one of the elements in a list of language ranges.

A language tag is considered to match a range in the list if the range is ‘*’, the range is exactly the tag, or the range is a prefix of the tag, and the character after it in the tag is ‘-’.


a list of language ranges, separated by ‘;’, ‘:’, ‘,’, or space characters. Each element must either be ‘*’, or a RFC 3066 language range canonicalized as by from_string()


true if a match was found

Determines if @script is one of the scripts used to write @self.

The returned value is conservative; if nothing is known about the language tag @self, true will be returned, since, as far as Pango knows, @script might be used to write @self.

This routine is used in Pango’s itemization process when determining if a supplied language tag is relevant to a particular section of text. It probably is not useful for applications in most circumstances.

This function uses scripts() internally.


a Script


true if @script is one of the scripts used to write @self or if nothing is known about @self (including the case that @self is None), false otherwise.

Determines the scripts used to to write @self.

If nothing is known about the language tag @self, or if @self is None, then None is returned. The list of scripts returned starts with the script that the language uses most and continues to the one it uses least.

The value @num_script points at will be set to the number of scripts in the returned array (or zero if None is returned).

Most languages use only one script for writing, but there are some that use two (Latin and Cyrillic for example), and a few use three (Japanese for example). Applications should not make any assumptions on the maximum number of scripts returned though, except that it is positive if the return value is not None, and it is a small number.

The includes_script() function uses this function internally.

Note: while the return value is declared as Script, the returned values are from the GUnicodeScript enumeration, which may have more values. Callers need to handle unknown values.


An array of Script values, with the number of entries in the array stored in @num_scripts, or None if Pango does not have any information about this particular language tag (also the case if @self is None).

Get a string that is representative of the characters needed to render a particular language.

The sample text may be a pangram, but is not necessarily. It is chosen to be demonstrative of normal text in the language, as well as exposing font feature requirements unique to the language. It is suitable for use as sample text in a font selection dialog.

If @self is None, the default language as found by default() is used.

If Pango does not have a sample string for @self, the classic “The quick brown fox…” is returned. This can be detected by comparing the returned pointer value to that returned for (non-existent) language code “xx”. That is, compare to:

pango_language_get_sample_string (pango_language_from_string ("xx"))

the sample string

Available on crate feature v1_48 only.

Returns the list of languages that the user prefers.

The list is specified by the PANGO_LANGUAGE or LANGUAGE environment variables, in order of preference. Note that this list does not necessarily include the language returned by default().

When choosing language-specific resources, such as the sample text returned by sample_string(), you should first try the default language, followed by the languages returned by this function.


a None-terminated array of Language*

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