[]Struct gio::ApplicationCommandLine

pub struct ApplicationCommandLine(_, _);

ApplicationCommandLine represents a command-line invocation of an application. It is created by Application and emitted in the Application::command-line signal and virtual function.

The class contains the list of arguments that the program was invoked with. It is also possible to query if the commandline invocation was local (ie: the current process is running in direct response to the invocation) or remote (ie: some other process forwarded the commandline to this process).

The GApplicationCommandLine object can provide the argc and argv parameters for use with the glib::OptionContext command-line parsing API, with the ApplicationCommandLineExt::get_arguments function. See [gapplication-example-cmdline3.c][gapplication-example-cmdline3] for an example.

The exit status of the originally-invoked process may be set and messages can be printed to stdout or stderr of that process. The lifecycle of the originally-invoked process is tied to the lifecycle of this object (ie: the process exits when the last reference is dropped).

The main use for ApplicationCommandLine (and the Application::command-line signal) is 'Emacs server' like use cases: You can set the EDITOR environment variable to have e.g. git use your favourite editor to edit commit messages, and if you already have an instance of the editor running, the editing will happen in the running instance, instead of opening a new one. An important aspect of this use case is that the process that gets started by git does not return until the editing is done.

Normally, the commandline is completely handled in the Application::command-line handler. The launching instance exits once the signal handler in the primary instance has returned, and the return value of the signal handler becomes the exit status of the launching instance.

static int
command_line (GApplication            *application,
              GApplicationCommandLine *cmdline)
{
  gchar **argv;
  gint argc;
  gint i;

  argv = g_application_command_line_get_arguments (cmdline, &argc);

  g_application_command_line_print (cmdline,
                                    "This text is written back\n"
                                    "to stdout of the caller\n");

  for (i = 0; i < argc; i++)
    g_print ("argument %d: %s\n", i, argv[i]);

  g_strfreev (argv);

  return 0;
}

The complete example can be found here: gapplication-example-cmdline.c

In more complicated cases, the handling of the comandline can be split between the launcher and the primary instance.

static gboolean
 test_local_cmdline (GApplication   *application,
                     gchar        ***arguments,
                     gint           *exit_status)
{
  gint i, j;
  gchar **argv;

  argv = *arguments;

  i = 1;
  while (argv[i])
    {
      if (g_str_has_prefix (argv[i], "--local-"))
        {
          g_print ("handling argument %s locally\n", argv[i]);
          g_free (argv[i]);
          for (j = i; argv[j]; j++)
            argv[j] = argv[j + 1];
        }
      else
        {
          g_print ("not handling argument %s locally\n", argv[i]);
          i++;
        }
    }

  *exit_status = 0;

  return FALSE;
}

static void
test_application_class_init (TestApplicationClass *class)
{
  G_APPLICATION_CLASS (class)->local_command_line = test_local_cmdline;

  ...
}

In this example of split commandline handling, options that start with --local- are handled locally, all other options are passed to the Application::command-line handler which runs in the primary instance.

The complete example can be found here: gapplication-example-cmdline2.c

If handling the commandline requires a lot of work, it may be better to defer it.

static gboolean
my_cmdline_handler (gpointer data)
{
  GApplicationCommandLine *cmdline = data;

  // do the heavy lifting in an idle

  g_application_command_line_set_exit_status (cmdline, 0);
  g_object_unref (cmdline); // this releases the application

  return G_SOURCE_REMOVE;
}

static int
command_line (GApplication            *application,
              GApplicationCommandLine *cmdline)
{
  // keep the application running until we are done with this commandline
  g_application_hold (application);

  g_object_set_data_full (G_OBJECT (cmdline),
                          "application", application,
                          (GDestroyNotify)g_application_release);

  g_object_ref (cmdline);
  g_idle_add (my_cmdline_handler, cmdline);

  return 0;
}

In this example the commandline is not completely handled before the Application::command-line handler returns. Instead, we keep a reference to the ApplicationCommandLine object and handle it later (in this example, in an idle). Note that it is necessary to hold the application until you are done with the commandline.

The complete example can be found here: gapplication-example-cmdline3.c

Implements

ApplicationCommandLineExt, glib::object::ObjectExt

Trait Implementations

impl Clone for ApplicationCommandLine

impl Debug for ApplicationCommandLine

impl Display for ApplicationCommandLine[src]

impl Eq for ApplicationCommandLine

impl Hash for ApplicationCommandLine

impl Ord for ApplicationCommandLine

impl<T: ObjectType> PartialEq<T> for ApplicationCommandLine

impl<T: ObjectType> PartialOrd<T> for ApplicationCommandLine

impl StaticType for ApplicationCommandLine

Auto Trait Implementations

impl RefUnwindSafe for ApplicationCommandLine

impl !Send for ApplicationCommandLine

impl !Sync for ApplicationCommandLine

impl Unpin for ApplicationCommandLine

impl UnwindSafe for ApplicationCommandLine

Blanket Implementations

impl<T> Any for T where
    T: 'static + ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> Borrow<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for T where
    T: ?Sized
[src]

impl<Super, Sub> CanDowncast<Sub> for Super where
    Sub: IsA<Super>,
    Super: IsA<Super>, 

impl<T> Cast for T where
    T: ObjectType, 

impl<T> From<T> for T[src]

impl<T, U> Into<U> for T where
    U: From<T>, 
[src]

impl<T> ObjectExt for T where
    T: ObjectType, 

impl<'a, T> ToGlibContainerFromSlice<'a, *const GList> for T where
    T: GlibPtrDefault + ToGlibPtr<'a, <T as GlibPtrDefault>::GlibType>, 

type Storage = (Option<List>, Vec<Stash<'a, <T as GlibPtrDefault>::GlibType, T>>)

impl<'a, T> ToGlibContainerFromSlice<'a, *const GPtrArray> for T where
    T: GlibPtrDefault + ToGlibPtr<'a, <T as GlibPtrDefault>::GlibType>, 

type Storage = (Option<PtrArray>, Vec<Stash<'a, <T as GlibPtrDefault>::GlibType, T>>)

impl<'a, T> ToGlibContainerFromSlice<'a, *mut GArray> for T where
    T: GlibPtrDefault + ToGlibPtr<'a, <T as GlibPtrDefault>::GlibType>, 

type Storage = (Option<Array>, Vec<Stash<'a, <T as GlibPtrDefault>::GlibType, T>>)

impl<'a, T> ToGlibContainerFromSlice<'a, *mut GList> for T where
    T: GlibPtrDefault + ToGlibPtr<'a, <T as GlibPtrDefault>::GlibType>, 

type Storage = (Option<List>, Vec<Stash<'a, <T as GlibPtrDefault>::GlibType, T>>)

impl<'a, T> ToGlibContainerFromSlice<'a, *mut GPtrArray> for T where
    T: GlibPtrDefault + ToGlibPtr<'a, <T as GlibPtrDefault>::GlibType>, 

type Storage = (Option<PtrArray>, Vec<Stash<'a, <T as GlibPtrDefault>::GlibType, T>>)

impl<T> ToOwned for T where
    T: Clone
[src]

type Owned = T

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.

impl<T> ToString for T where
    T: Display + ?Sized
[src]

impl<T> ToValue for T where
    T: SetValue + ?Sized

impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for T where
    U: Into<T>, 
[src]

type Error = Infallible

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for T where
    U: TryFrom<T>, 
[src]

type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.