Struct gtk4::Application

source ·
#[repr(transparent)]
pub struct Application { /* private fields */ }
Expand description

Application is a high-level API for writing applications.

It supports many aspects of writing a GTK application in a convenient fashion, without enforcing a one-size-fits-all model.

Currently, Application handles GTK initialization, application uniqueness, session management, provides some basic scriptability and desktop shell integration by exporting actions and menus and manages a list of toplevel windows whose life-cycle is automatically tied to the life-cycle of your application.

While Application works fine with plain Windows, it is recommended to use it together with ApplicationWindow.

Automatic resources

Application will automatically load menus from the Builder resource located at “gtk/menus.ui”, relative to the application’s resource base path (see [ApplicationExtManual::set_resource_base_path()][crate::gio::prelude::ApplicationExtManual::set_resource_base_path()]). The menu with the ID “menubar” is taken as the application’s menubar. Additional menus (most interesting submenus) can be named and accessed via GtkApplicationExt::menu_by_id() which allows for dynamic population of a part of the menu structure.

Note that automatic resource loading uses the resource base path that is set at construction time and will not work if the resource base path is changed at a later time.

It is also possible to provide the menubar manually using GtkApplicationExt::set_menubar().

Application will also automatically setup an icon search path for the default icon theme by appending “icons” to the resource base path. This allows your application to easily store its icons as resources. See IconTheme::add_resource_path() for more information.

If there is a resource located at gtk/help-overlay.ui which defines a ShortcutsWindow with ID help_overlay then Application associates an instance of this shortcuts window with each ApplicationWindow and sets up the keyboard accelerator Control+? to open it. To create a menu item that displays the shortcuts window, associate the item with the action win.show-help-overlay.

A simple application

A simple example is available in the GTK source code repository

Application optionally registers with a session manager of the users session (if you set the property::Application::register-session property) and offers various functionality related to the session life-cycle.

An application can block various ways to end the session with the GtkApplicationExt::inhibit() function. Typical use cases for this kind of inhibiting are long-running, uninterruptible operations, such as burning a CD or performing a disk backup. The session manager may not honor the inhibitor, but it can be expected to inform the user about the negative consequences of ending the session while inhibitors are present.

See Also

HowDoI: Using GtkApplication, Getting Started with GTK: Basics

Implements

GtkApplicationExt, gio::prelude::ApplicationExt, glib::ObjectExt, gio::prelude::ActionGroupExt, gio::prelude::ActionMapExt

Implementations§

Creates a new builder-pattern struct instance to construct Application objects.

This method returns an instance of ApplicationBuilder which can be used to create Application objects.

Trait Implementations§

Returns a copy of the value. Read more
Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more
Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
Returns the “default value” for a type. Read more
Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more
Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more
Override the virtual methods of this class for the given subclass and do other class initialization. Read more
Instance specific initialization. Read more
This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more
Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more
Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more
Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more
This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more
This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason. Read more
This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more
This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more
This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more
This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more
This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more
Returns the type identifier of Self.

Auto Trait Implementations§

Blanket Implementations§

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more
Available on crate feature v2_60 only.
Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
Upcasts an object to a superclass or interface T. Read more
Upcasts an object to a reference of its superclass or interface T. Read more
Tries to downcast to a subclass or interface implementor T. Read more
Tries to downcast to a reference of its subclass or interface implementor T. Read more
Tries to cast to an object of type T. This handles upcasting, downcasting and casting between interface and interface implementors. All checks are performed at runtime, while downcast and upcast will do many checks at compile-time already. Read more
Tries to cast to reference to an object of type T. This handles upcasting, downcasting and casting between interface and interface implementors. All checks are performed at runtime, while downcast and upcast will do many checks at compile-time already. Read more
Casts to T unconditionally. Read more
Casts to &T unconditionally. Read more

Returns the argument unchanged.

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

Returns true if the object is an instance of (can be cast to) T.
Returns the type of the object.
Returns the ObjectClass of the object. Read more
Returns the class of the object.
Returns the class of the object in the given type T. Read more
Returns the interface T of the object. Read more
Sets the property property_name of the object to value value. Read more
Sets the property property_name of the object to value value. Read more
Sets multiple properties of the object at once. Read more
Sets multiple properties of the object at once. Read more
Gets the property property_name of the object and cast it to the type V. Read more
Gets the property property_name of the object. Read more
Check if the object has a property property_name of the given type_. Read more
Get the type of the property property_name of this object. Read more
Get the ParamSpec of the property property_name of this object.
Return all ParamSpec of the properties of this object.
Freeze all property notifications until the return guard object is dropped. Read more
Set arbitrary data on this object with the given key. Read more
Return previously set arbitrary data of this object with the given key. Read more
Retrieve previously set arbitrary data of this object with the given key. Read more
Set arbitrary data on this object with the given key. Read more
Return previously set arbitrary data of this object with the given key. Read more
Retrieve previously set arbitrary data of this object with the given key. Read more
Block a given signal handler. Read more
Unblock a given signal handler.
Stop emission of the currently emitted signal.
Stop emission of the currently emitted signal by the (possibly detailed) signal name.
Connect to the signal signal_name on this object. Read more
Connect to the signal signal_id on this object. Read more
Connect to the signal signal_name on this object. Read more
Connect to the signal signal_id on this object. Read more
Connect to the signal signal_name on this object. Read more
Connect to the signal signal_id on this object. Read more
Connect a closure to the signal signal_name on this object. Read more
Connect a closure to the signal signal_id on this object. Read more
Limits the lifetime of closure to the lifetime of the object. When the object’s reference count drops to zero, the closure will be invalidated. An invalidated closure will ignore any calls to invoke_with_values, or invoke when using Rust closures. Read more
Emit signal by signal id. Read more
Same as Self::emit but takes Value for the arguments.
Emit signal by its name. Read more
Emit signal by its name. Read more
Emit signal by its name with details. Read more
Emit signal by its name with details. Read more
Emit signal by signal id with details. Read more
Emit signal by signal id with details. Read more
Disconnect a previously connected signal handler.
Connect to the notify signal of the object. Read more
Connect to the notify signal of the object. Read more
Connect to the notify signal of the object. Read more
Notify that the given property has changed its value. Read more
Notify that the given property has changed its value. Read more
Downgrade this object to a weak reference.
Add a callback to be notified when the Object is disposed.
Add a callback to be notified when the Object is disposed. Read more
Bind property source_property on this object to the target_property on the target object. Read more
Returns the strong reference count of this object.
Runs the dispose mechanism of the object. Read more
Ensures that the type has been registered with the type system.
The resulting type after obtaining ownership.
Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more
Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more
Converts the given value to a String. Read more
The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
Performs the conversion.
The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
Performs the conversion.