Struct gtk4::Gesture[][src]

#[repr(transparent)]
pub struct Gesture(_);
Expand description

Gesture is the base class for gesture recognition.

Although Gesture is quite generalized to serve as a base for multi-touch gestures, it is suitable to implement single-touch and pointer-based gestures (using the special None gdk::EventSequence value for these).

The number of touches that a Gesture need to be recognized is controlled by the property::Gesture::n-points property, if a gesture is keeping track of less or more than that number of sequences, it won’t check whether the gesture is recognized.

As soon as the gesture has the expected number of touches, it will check regularly if it is recognized, the criteria to consider a gesture as “recognized” is left to Gesture subclasses.

A recognized gesture will then emit the following signals:

  • signal::Gesture::begin when the gesture is recognized.
  • signal::Gesture::update, whenever an input event is processed.
  • signal::Gesture::end when the gesture is no longer recognized.

Event propagation

In order to receive events, a gesture needs to set a propagation phase through EventControllerExt::set_propagation_phase().

In the capture phase, events are propagated from the toplevel down to the target widget, and gestures that are attached to containers above the widget get a chance to interact with the event before it reaches the target.

In the bubble phase, events are propagated up from the target widget to the toplevel, and gestures that are attached to containers above the widget get a chance to interact with events that have not been handled yet.

States of a sequence

Whenever input interaction happens, a single event may trigger a cascade of Gestures, both across the parents of the widget receiving the event and in parallel within an individual widget. It is a responsibility of the widgets using those gestures to set the state of touch sequences accordingly in order to enable cooperation of gestures around the gdk::EventSequences triggering those.

Within a widget, gestures can be grouped through GestureExt::group_with(). Grouped gestures synchronize the state of sequences, so calling GestureExt::set_sequence_state() on one will effectively propagate the state throughout the group.

By default, all sequences start out in the EventSequenceState::None state, sequences in this state trigger the gesture event handler, but event propagation will continue unstopped by gestures.

If a sequence enters into the EventSequenceState::Denied state, the gesture group will effectively ignore the sequence, letting events go unstopped through the gesture, but the “slot” will still remain occupied while the touch is active.

If a sequence enters in the EventSequenceState::Claimed state, the gesture group will grab all interaction on the sequence, by:

  • Setting the same sequence to EventSequenceState::Denied on every other gesture group within the widget, and every gesture on parent widgets in the propagation chain.
  • Emitting signal::Gesture::cancel on every gesture in widgets underneath in the propagation chain.
  • Stopping event propagation after the gesture group handles the event.

Note: if a sequence is set early to EventSequenceState::Claimed on GDK_TOUCH_BEGIN/GDK_BUTTON_PRESS (so those events are captured before reaching the event widget, this implies PropagationPhase::Capture), one similar event will emulated if the sequence changes to EventSequenceState::Denied. This way event coherence is preserved before event propagation is unstopped again.

Sequence states can’t be changed freely. See GestureExt::set_sequence_state() to know about the possible lifetimes of a gdk::EventSequence.

Touchpad gestures

On the platforms that support it, Gesture will handle transparently touchpad gesture events. The only precautions users of Gesture should do to enable this support are:

This is an Abstract Base Class, you cannot instantiate it.

Implements

GestureExt, EventControllerExt, glib::ObjectExt

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