Derive Macro glib::Properties

source ·
    // Attributes available to this derive:
Expand description

This macro enables you to derive object properties in a quick way.

Generated wrapper methods

The following methods are generated on the wrapper type specified on #[properties(wrapper_type = ...)]:

  • $property(), when the property is readable
  • set_$property(), when the property is writable and not construct-only
  • connect_$property_notify()
  • notify_$property()

Notice: You can’t reimplement the generated methods on the wrapper type, but you can change their behavior using a custom internal getter/setter.

Internal getters and setters

By default, they are generated for you. However, you can use a custom getter/setter by assigning an expression to get/set: #[property(get = |_| 2, set)] or #[property(get, set = custom_setter_func)].

Supported types

Every type implementing the trait Property is supported. The type Option<T> is supported as a property only if Option<T> implements ToValueOptional. Optional types also require the nullable attribute: without it, the generated setter on the wrapper type will take T instead of Option<T>, preventing the user from ever calling the setter with a None value. If your type doesn’t support PropertySet, you can’t use the generated setter, but you can always define a custom one.

Adding support for custom types

Types wrapping an existing T: glib::value::ToValue + glib::HasParamSpec

If you have declared a newtype as

struct MyInt(i32);

you can use it as a property by deriving glib::ValueDelegate.

Types with inner mutability

The trait glib::Property must be implemented. The traits PropertyGet and PropertySet should be implemented to enable the Properties macro to generate a default internal getter/setter. If possible, implementing PropertySetNested is preferred over PropertySet, because it enables this macro to access the contained type and provide access to its fields, using the member = $structfield syntax.

Types without glib::HasParamSpec

If you have encountered a type T: glib::value::ToValue, inside the gtk-rs crate, which doesn’t implement HasParamSpec, then it’s a bug and you should report it. If you need to support a ToValue type with a ParamSpec not provided by gtk-rs, then you need to implement glib::HasParamSpec on that type.


use std::cell::RefCell;
use std::marker::PhantomData;
use std::sync::Mutex;
use glib::prelude::*;
use glib::subclass::prelude::*;
use glib_macros::Properties;

#[derive(Default, Clone)]
struct Author {
    name: String,
    nick: String,

pub mod imp {
    use glib::{ParamSpec, Value};
    use std::rc::Rc;

    use super::*;

    #[derive(Properties, Default)]
    #[properties(wrapper_type = super::Foo)]
    pub struct Foo {
        #[property(get, set = Self::set_fizz)]
        fizz: RefCell<String>,
        #[property(name = "author-name", get, set, type = String, member = name)]
        #[property(name = "author-nick", get, set, type = String, member = nick)]
        author: RefCell<Author>,
        #[property(get, set, explicit_notify, lax_validation)]
        custom_flags: RefCell<String>,
        #[property(get, set, minimum = 0, maximum = 3)]
        numeric_builder: RefCell<u32>,
        #[property(get, set, builder('c'))]
        builder_with_required_param: RefCell<char>,
        #[property(get, set, nullable)]
        optional: RefCell<Option<String>>,
        #[property(get, set)]
        smart_pointer: Rc<RefCell<String>>,

    impl ObjectImpl for Foo {
        fn properties() -> &'static [ParamSpec] {
        fn set_property(&self, id: usize, value: &Value, pspec: &ParamSpec) {
            self.derived_set_property(id, value, pspec)
        fn property(&self, id: usize, pspec: &ParamSpec) -> Value {
            self.derived_property(id, pspec)

    impl ObjectSubclass for Foo {
        const NAME: &'static str = "MyFoo";
        type Type = super::Foo;

    impl Foo {
        fn set_fizz(&self, value: String) {
            *self.fizz.borrow_mut() = format!("custom set: {}", value);

glib::wrapper! {
    pub struct Foo(ObjectSubclass<imp::Foo>);

fn main() {
  let myfoo: Foo = glib::object::Object::new();

  myfoo.set_fizz("test value");
  assert_eq!(myfoo.fizz(), "custom set: test value".to_string());