#[repr(transparent)]
pub struct Clipboard { /* private fields */ }
Expand description

The Clipboard object represents a clipboard of data shared between different processes or between different widgets in the same process. Each clipboard is identified by a name encoded as a gdk::Atom. (Conversion to and from strings can be done with gdk::Atom::intern() and gdk::Atom::name().) The default clipboard corresponds to the “CLIPBOARD” atom; another commonly used clipboard is the “PRIMARY” clipboard, which, in X, traditionally contains the currently selected text.

To support having a number of different formats on the clipboard at the same time, the clipboard mechanism allows providing callbacks instead of the actual data. When you set the contents of the clipboard, you can either supply the data directly (via functions like set_text()), or you can supply a callback to be called at a later time when the data is needed (via gtk_clipboard_set_with_data() or gtk_clipboard_set_with_owner().) Providing a callback also avoids having to make copies of the data when it is not needed.

gtk_clipboard_set_with_data() and gtk_clipboard_set_with_owner() are quite similar; the choice between the two depends mostly on which is more convenient in a particular situation. The former is most useful when you want to have a blob of data with callbacks to convert it into the various data types that you advertise. When the clear_func you provided is called, you simply free the data blob. The latter is more useful when the contents of clipboard reflect the internal state of a glib::Object (As an example, for the PRIMARY clipboard, when an entry widget provides the clipboard’s contents the contents are simply the text within the selected region.) If the contents change, the entry widget can call gtk_clipboard_set_with_owner() to update the timestamp for clipboard ownership, without having to worry about clear_func being called.

Requesting the data from the clipboard is essentially asynchronous. If the contents of the clipboard are provided within the same process, then a direct function call will be made to retrieve the data, but if they are provided by another process, then the data needs to be retrieved from the other process, which may take some time. To avoid blocking the user interface, the call to request the selection, request_contents() takes a callback that will be called when the contents are received (or when the request fails.) If you don’t want to deal with providing a separate callback, you can also use wait_for_contents(). What this does is run the GLib main loop recursively waiting for the contents. This can simplify the code flow, but you still have to be aware that other callbacks in your program can be called while this recursive mainloop is running.

Along with the functions to get the clipboard contents as an arbitrary data chunk, there are also functions to retrieve it as text, request_text() and wait_for_text(). These functions take care of determining which formats are advertised by the clipboard provider, asking for the clipboard in the best available format and converting the results into the UTF-8 encoding. (The standard form for representing strings in GTK+.)

Implements

glib::ObjectExt

Implementations

Clears the contents of the clipboard. Generally this should only be called between the time you call gtk_clipboard_set_with_owner() or gtk_clipboard_set_with_data(), and when the clear_func you supplied is called. Otherwise, the clipboard may be owned by someone else.

Gets the gdk::Display associated with self

Returns

the gdk::Display associated with self

If the clipboard contents callbacks were set with gtk_clipboard_set_with_owner(), and the gtk_clipboard_set_with_data() or clear() has not subsequently called, returns the owner set by gtk_clipboard_set_with_owner().

Returns

the owner of the clipboard, if any; otherwise None.

This is supported on crate feature v3_22 only.

Gets the selection that this clipboard is for.

Returns

the selection

Requests the contents of clipboard as the given target. When the results of the result are later received the supplied callback will be called.

target

an atom representing the form into which the clipboard owner should convert the selection.

callback

A function to call when the results are received (or the retrieval fails). If the retrieval fails the length field of selection_data will be negative.

Requests the contents of the clipboard as image. When the image is later received, it will be converted to a gdk_pixbuf::Pixbuf, and callback will be called.

The pixbuf parameter to callback will contain the resulting gdk_pixbuf::Pixbuf if the request succeeded, or None if it failed. This could happen for various reasons, in particular if the clipboard was empty or if the contents of the clipboard could not be converted into an image.

callback

a function to call when the image is received, or the retrieval fails. (It will always be called one way or the other.)

Requests the contents of the clipboard as rich text. When the rich text is later received, callback will be called.

The text parameter to callback will contain the resulting rich text if the request succeeded, or None if it failed. The length parameter will contain text’s length. This function can fail for various reasons, in particular if the clipboard was empty or if the contents of the clipboard could not be converted into rich text form.

buffer

a TextBuffer

callback

a function to call when the text is received, or the retrieval fails. (It will always be called one way or the other.)

Requests the contents of the clipboard as text. When the text is later received, it will be converted to UTF-8 if necessary, and callback will be called.

The text parameter to callback will contain the resulting text if the request succeeded, or None if it failed. This could happen for various reasons, in particular if the clipboard was empty or if the contents of the clipboard could not be converted into text form.

callback

a function to call when the text is received, or the retrieval fails. (It will always be called one way or the other.)

Sets the contents of the clipboard to the given gdk_pixbuf::Pixbuf. GTK+ will take responsibility for responding for requests for the image, and for converting the image into the requested format.

pixbuf

a gdk_pixbuf::Pixbuf

Sets the contents of the clipboard to the given UTF-8 string. GTK+ will make a copy of the text and take responsibility for responding for requests for the text, and for converting the text into the requested format.

text

a UTF-8 string.

len

length of text, in bytes, or -1, in which case the length will be determined with strlen().

Stores the current clipboard data somewhere so that it will stay around after the application has quit.

Requests the contents of the clipboard using the given target. This function waits for the data to be received using the main loop, so events, timeouts, etc, may be dispatched during the wait.

target

an atom representing the form into which the clipboard owner should convert the selection.

Returns

a newly-allocated SelectionData object or None if retrieving the given target failed. If non-None, this value must be freed with gtk_selection_data_free() when you are finished with it.

Requests the contents of the clipboard as image and converts the result to a gdk_pixbuf::Pixbuf. This function waits for the data to be received using the main loop, so events, timeouts, etc, may be dispatched during the wait.

Returns

a newly-allocated gdk_pixbuf::Pixbuf object which must be disposed with g_object_unref(), or None if retrieving the selection data failed. (This could happen for various reasons, in particular if the clipboard was empty or if the contents of the clipboard could not be converted into an image.)

Requests the contents of the clipboard as rich text. This function waits for the data to be received using the main loop, so events, timeouts, etc, may be dispatched during the wait.

buffer

a TextBuffer

Returns

a newly-allocated binary block of data which must be freed with g_free(), or None if retrieving the selection data failed. (This could happen for various reasons, in particular if the clipboard was empty or if the contents of the clipboard could not be converted into text form.)

format

return location for the format of the returned data

Returns a list of targets that are present on the clipboard, or None if there aren’t any targets available. The returned list must be freed with g_free(). This function waits for the data to be received using the main loop, so events, timeouts, etc, may be dispatched during the wait.

Returns

true if any targets are present on the clipboard, otherwise false.

targets

location to store an array of targets. The result stored here must be freed with g_free().

Requests the contents of the clipboard as text and converts the result to UTF-8 if necessary. This function waits for the data to be received using the main loop, so events, timeouts, etc, may be dispatched during the wait.

Returns

a newly-allocated UTF-8 string which must be freed with g_free(), or None if retrieving the selection data failed. (This could happen for various reasons, in particular if the clipboard was empty or if the contents of the clipboard could not be converted into text form.)

Requests the contents of the clipboard as URIs. This function waits for the data to be received using the main loop, so events, timeouts, etc, may be dispatched during the wait.

Returns

a newly-allocated None-terminated array of strings which must be freed with g_strfreev(), or None if retrieving the selection data failed. (This could happen for various reasons, in particular if the clipboard was empty or if the contents of the clipboard could not be converted into URI form.)

Test to see if there is an image available to be pasted This is done by requesting the TARGETS atom and checking if it contains any of the supported image targets. This function waits for the data to be received using the main loop, so events, timeouts, etc, may be dispatched during the wait.

This function is a little faster than calling wait_for_image() since it doesn’t need to retrieve the actual image data.

Returns

true is there is an image available, false otherwise.

Test to see if there is rich text available to be pasted This is done by requesting the TARGETS atom and checking if it contains any of the supported rich text targets. This function waits for the data to be received using the main loop, so events, timeouts, etc, may be dispatched during the wait.

This function is a little faster than calling wait_for_rich_text() since it doesn’t need to retrieve the actual text.

buffer

a TextBuffer

Returns

true is there is rich text available, false otherwise.

Checks if a clipboard supports pasting data of a given type. This function can be used to determine if a “Paste” menu item should be insensitive or not.

If you want to see if there’s text available on the clipboard, use gtk_clipboard_wait_is_text_available () instead.

target

A gdk::Atom indicating which target to look for.

Returns

true if the target is available, false otherwise.

Test to see if there is text available to be pasted This is done by requesting the TARGETS atom and checking if it contains any of the supported text targets. This function waits for the data to be received using the main loop, so events, timeouts, etc, may be dispatched during the wait.

This function is a little faster than calling wait_for_text() since it doesn’t need to retrieve the actual text.

Returns

true is there is text available, false otherwise.

Test to see if there is a list of URIs available to be pasted This is done by requesting the TARGETS atom and checking if it contains the URI targets. This function waits for the data to be received using the main loop, so events, timeouts, etc, may be dispatched during the wait.

This function is a little faster than calling wait_for_uris() since it doesn’t need to retrieve the actual URI data.

Returns

true is there is an URI list available, false otherwise.

Returns the clipboard object for the given selection. See for_display() for complete details.

selection

a gdk::Atom which identifies the clipboard to use

Returns

the appropriate clipboard object. If no clipboard already exists, a new one will be created. Once a clipboard object has been created, it is persistent and, since it is owned by GTK+, must not be freed or unreffed.

Returns the default clipboard object for use with cut/copy/paste menu items and keyboard shortcuts.

display

the gdk::Display for which the clipboard is to be retrieved.

Returns

the default clipboard object.

Returns the clipboard object for the given selection. Cut/copy/paste menu items and keyboard shortcuts should use the default clipboard, returned by passing GDK_SELECTION_CLIPBOARD for selection. (GDK_NONE is supported as a synonym for GDK_SELECTION_CLIPBOARD for backwards compatibility reasons.) The currently-selected object or text should be provided on the clipboard identified by GDK_SELECTION_PRIMARY. Cut/copy/paste menu items conceptually copy the contents of the GDK_SELECTION_PRIMARY clipboard to the default clipboard, i.e. they copy the selection to what the user sees as the clipboard.

(Passing GDK_NONE is the same as using gdk_atom_intern ("CLIPBOARD", FALSE).

See the FreeDesktop Clipboard Specification for a detailed discussion of the “CLIPBOARD” vs. “PRIMARY” selections under the X window system. On Win32 the GDK_SELECTION_PRIMARY clipboard is essentially ignored.)

It’s possible to have arbitrary named clipboards; if you do invent new clipboards, you should prefix the selection name with an underscore (because the ICCCM requires that nonstandard atoms are underscore-prefixed), and namespace it as well. For example, if your application called “Foo” has a special-purpose clipboard, you might call it “_FOO_SPECIAL_CLIPBOARD”.

display

the gdk::Display for which the clipboard is to be retrieved or created.

selection

a gdk::Atom which identifies the clipboard to use.

Returns

the appropriate clipboard object. If no clipboard already exists, a new one will be created. Once a clipboard object has been created, it is persistent and, since it is owned by GTK+, must not be freed or unrefd.

Trait Implementations

Returns a copy of the value. Read more

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

This method tests for !=.

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

Returns the type identifier of Self.

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Upcasts an object to a superclass or interface T. Read more

Upcasts an object to a reference of its superclass or interface T. Read more

Tries to downcast to a subclass or interface implementor T. Read more

Tries to downcast to a reference of its subclass or interface implementor T. Read more

Tries to cast to an object of type T. This handles upcasting, downcasting and casting between interface and interface implementors. All checks are performed at runtime, while downcast and upcast will do many checks at compile-time already. Read more

Tries to cast to reference to an object of type T. This handles upcasting, downcasting and casting between interface and interface implementors. All checks are performed at runtime, while downcast and upcast will do many checks at compile-time already. Read more

Casts to T unconditionally. Read more

Casts to &T unconditionally. Read more

Performs the conversion.

Performs the conversion.

Returns true if the object is an instance of (can be cast to) T.

Returns the type of the object.

Returns the ObjectClass of the object. Read more

Returns the class of the object.

Returns the class of the object in the given type T. Read more

Returns the interface T of the object. Read more

Similar to Self::set_property but fails instead of panicking.

Sets the property property_name of the object to value value. Read more

Similar to Self::set_property but fails instead of panicking.

Sets the property property_name of the object to value value. Read more

Similar to Self::set_properties but fails instead of panicking.

Sets multiple properties of the object at once. Read more

Similar to Self::set_properties_from_value but fails instead of panicking.

Sets multiple properties of the object at once. Read more

Similar to Self::property but fails instead of panicking.

Gets the property property_name of the object and cast it to the type V. Read more

Similar to Self::property_value but fails instead of panicking.

Gets the property property_name of the object. Read more

Check if the object has a property property_name of the given type_. Read more

Get the type of the property property_name of this object. Read more

Get the ParamSpec of the property property_name of this object.

Return all ParamSpec of the properties of this object.

Freeze all property notifications until the return guard object is dropped. Read more

Set arbitrary data on this object with the given key. Read more

Return previously set arbitrary data of this object with the given key. Read more

Retrieve previously set arbitrary data of this object with the given key. Read more

Set arbitrary data on this object with the given key. Read more

Return previously set arbitrary data of this object with the given key. Read more

Retrieve previously set arbitrary data of this object with the given key. Read more

Block a given signal handler. Read more

Unblock a given signal handler.

Stop emission of the currently emitted signal.

Stop emission of the currently emitted signal by the (possibly detailed) signal name.

Similar to Self::connect but fails instead of panicking.

Connect to the signal signal_name on this object. Read more

Similar to Self::connect_id but fails instead of panicking.

Connect to the signal signal_id on this object. Read more

Similar to Self::connect_local but fails instead of panicking.

Connect to the signal signal_name on this object. Read more

Similar to Self::connect_local_id but fails instead of panicking.

Connect to the signal signal_id on this object. Read more

Similar to Self::connect_unsafe but fails instead of panicking.

Connect to the signal signal_name on this object. Read more

Similar to Self::connect_unsafe_id but fails instead of panicking.

Similar to Self::connect_closure but fails instead of panicking.

Connect a closure to the signal signal_name on this object. Read more

Similar to Self::connect_closure_id but fails instead of panicking.

Connect a closure to the signal signal_id on this object. Read more

Limits the lifetime of closure to the lifetime of the object. When the object’s reference count drops to zero, the closure will be invalidated. An invalidated closure will ignore any calls to Closure::invoke. Read more

Connect to the signal signal_id on this object. Read more

Similar to Self::emit but fails instead of panicking.

Emit signal by signal id. Read more

Similar to Self::emit_with_values but fails instead of panicking.

Same as Self::emit but takes Value for the arguments.

Similar to Self::emit_by_name but fails instead of panicking.

Emit signal by its name. Read more

Similar to Self::emit_by_name_with_values but fails instead of panicking.

Emit signal by its name. Read more

Similar to Self::emit_with_details but fails instead of panicking.

Emit signal by signal id with details. Read more

Similar to Self::emit_with_details_and_values but fails instead of panicking.

Emit signal by signal id with details. Read more

Disconnect a previously connected signal handler.

Connect to the notify signal of the object. Read more

Connect to the notify signal of the object. Read more

Connect to the notify signal of the object. Read more

Notify that the given property has changed its value. Read more

Notify that the given property has changed its value. Read more

Downgrade this object to a weak reference.

Bind property source_property on this object to the target_property on the target object. Read more

Returns the strong reference count of this object.

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.

Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more

🔬 This is a nightly-only experimental API. (toowned_clone_into)

Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more

Returns a SendValue clone of self.

Converts the given value to a String. Read more

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.