#[repr(transparent)]
pub struct SettingsSchema { /* private fields */ }
Expand description

The SettingsSchemaSource and SettingsSchema APIs provide a mechanism for advanced control over the loading of schemas and a mechanism for introspecting their content.

Plugin loading systems that wish to provide plugins a way to access settings face the problem of how to make the schemas for these settings visible to GSettings. Typically, a plugin will want to ship the schema along with itself and it won’t be installed into the standard system directories for schemas.

SettingsSchemaSource provides a mechanism for dealing with this by allowing the creation of a new ‘schema source’ from which schemas can be acquired. This schema source can then become part of the metadata associated with the plugin and queried whenever the plugin requires access to some settings.

Consider the following example:

⚠️ The following code is in C ⚠️

typedef struct
{
   ...
   GSettingsSchemaSource *schema_source;
   ...
} Plugin;

Plugin *
initialise_plugin (const gchar *dir)
{
  Plugin *plugin;

  ...

  plugin->schema_source =
    g_settings_schema_source_new_from_directory (dir,
      g_settings_schema_source_get_default (), FALSE, NULL);

  ...

  return plugin;
}

...

GSettings *
plugin_get_settings (Plugin      *plugin,
                     const gchar *schema_id)
{
  GSettingsSchema *schema;

  if (schema_id == NULL)
    schema_id = plugin->identifier;

  schema = g_settings_schema_source_lookup (plugin->schema_source,
                                            schema_id, FALSE);

  if (schema == NULL)
    {
      ... disable the plugin or abort, etc ...
    }

  return g_settings_new_full (schema, NULL, NULL);
}

The code above shows how hooks should be added to the code that initialises (or enables) the plugin to create the schema source and how an API can be added to the plugin system to provide a convenient way for the plugin to access its settings, using the schemas that it ships.

From the standpoint of the plugin, it would need to ensure that it ships a gschemas.compiled file as part of itself, and then simply do the following:

⚠️ The following code is in C ⚠️

{
  GSettings *settings;
  gint some_value;

  settings = plugin_get_settings (self, NULL);
  some_value = g_settings_get_int (settings, "some-value");
  ...
}

It’s also possible that the plugin system expects the schema source files (ie: .gschema.xml files) instead of a gschemas.compiled file. In that case, the plugin loading system must compile the schemas for itself before attempting to create the settings source.

Implementations

Get the ID of self.

Returns

the ID

Gets the key named name from self.

It is a programmer error to request a key that does not exist. See list_keys().

name

the name of a key

Returns

the SettingsSchemaKey for name

Gets the path associated with self, or None.

Schemas may be single-instance or relocatable. Single-instance schemas correspond to exactly one set of keys in the backend database: those located at the path returned by this function.

Relocatable schemas can be referenced by other schemas and can therefore describe multiple sets of keys at different locations. For relocatable schemas, this function will return None.

Returns

the path of the schema, or None

Checks if self has a key named name.

name

the name of a key

Returns

true if such a key exists

Gets the list of children in self.

You should free the return value with g_strfreev() when you are done with it.

Returns

a list of the children on settings, in no defined order

Introspects the list of keys on self.

You should probably not be calling this function from “normal” code (since you should already know what keys are in your schema). This function is intended for introspection reasons.

Returns

a list of the keys on self, in no defined order

Trait Implementations

Returns a copy of the value. Read more

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more

Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more

Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more

This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more

Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more

Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more

Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more

This method tests for !=.

This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more

This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more

This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more

This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more

This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more

Returns the type identifier of Self.

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more

Returns the argument unchanged.

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

Ensures that the type has been registered with the type system.

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.

Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more

Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.

Performs the conversion.