Struct gtk4::Window

source ·
#[repr(transparent)]
pub struct Window { /* private fields */ }
Expand description

A Window is a toplevel window which can contain other widgets.

An example GtkWindow

Windows normally have decorations that are under the control of the windowing system and allow the user to manipulate the window (resize it, move it, close it,…).

GtkWindow as GtkBuildable

The Window implementation of the Buildable interface supports setting a child as the titlebar by specifying “titlebar” as the “type” attribute of a element.

CSS nodes

window.background [.csd / .solid-csd / .ssd] [.maximized / .fullscreen / .tiled]
├── <child>
╰── <titlebar child>.titlebar [.default-decoration]

Window has a main CSS node with name window and style class .background.

Style classes that are typically used with the main CSS node are .csd (when client-side decorations are in use), .solid-csd (for client-side decorations without invisible borders), .ssd (used by mutter when rendering server-side decorations). GtkWindow also represents window states with the following style classes on the main node: .maximized, .fullscreen, .tiled (when supported, also .tiled-top, .tiled-left, .tiled-right, .tiled-bottom).

Window subclasses often add their own discriminating style classes, such as .dialog, .popup or .tooltip.

Generally, some CSS properties don’t make sense on the toplevel window node, such as margins or padding. When client-side decorations without invisible borders are in use (i.e. the .solid-csd style class is added to the main window node), the CSS border of the toplevel window is used for resize drags. In the .csd case, the shadow area outside of the window can be used to resize it.

Window adds the .titlebar and .default-decoration style classes to the widget that is added as a titlebar child.

Accessibility

Window uses the AccessibleRole::Window role.

Actions

Window defines a set of built-in actions:

  • default.activate: Activate the default widget.
  • window.minimize: Minimize the window.
  • window.toggle-maximized: Maximize or restore the window.
  • window.close: Close the window.

Implements

GtkWindowExt, WidgetExt, glib::ObjectExt, AccessibleExt, BuildableExt, ConstraintTargetExt, NativeExt, RootExt, ShortcutManagerExt, WidgetExtManual, AccessibleExtManual

Implementations

Creates a new Window.

To get an undecorated window (no window borders), use GtkWindowExt::set_decorated().

All top-level windows created by gtk_window_new() are stored in an internal top-level window list. This list can be obtained from list_toplevels(). Due to GTK keeping a reference to the window internally, gtk_window_new() does not return a reference to the caller.

To delete a Window, call Gtk::Window::destroy().

Returns

a new Window.

Creates a new builder-pattern struct instance to construct Window objects.

This method returns an instance of WindowBuilder which can be used to create Window objects.

Returns the fallback icon name for windows.

The returned string is owned by GTK and should not be modified. It is only valid until the next call to set_default_icon_name().

Returns

the fallback icon name for windows

Returns a list of all existing toplevel windows.

If you want to iterate through the list and perform actions involving callbacks that might destroy the widgets or add new ones, be aware that the list of toplevels will change and emit the “items-changed” signal.

Returns

the list of toplevel widgets

Returns a list of all existing toplevel windows.

The widgets in the list are not individually referenced. If you want to iterate through the list and perform actions involving callbacks that might destroy the widgets, you must call g_list_foreach (result, (GFunc)g_object_ref, NULL) first, and then unref all the widgets afterwards.

Returns

list of toplevel widgets

Sets whether the window should request startup notification.

By default, after showing the first Window, GTK calls Gdk::Display::notify_startup_complete(). Call this function to disable the automatic startup notification. You might do this if your first window is a splash screen, and you want to delay notification until after your real main window has been shown, for example.

In that example, you would disable startup notification temporarily, show your splash screen, then re-enable it so that showing the main window would automatically result in notification.

setting

true to automatically do startup notification

Sets an icon to be used as fallback.

The fallback icon is used for windows that haven’t had GtkWindowExt::set_icon_name() called on them.

name

the name of the themed icon

Opens or closes the interactive debugger.

The debugger offers access to the widget hierarchy of the application and to useful debugging tools.

enable

true to enable interactive debugging

Trait Implementations

Returns a copy of the value. Read more
Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more
Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
Returns the “default value” for a type. Read more
Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
Feeds this value into the given Hasher. Read more
Feeds a slice of this type into the given Hasher. Read more
Override the virtual methods of this class for the given subclass and do other class initialization. Read more
Instance specific initialization. Read more
This method returns an Ordering between self and other. Read more
Compares and returns the maximum of two values. Read more
Compares and returns the minimum of two values. Read more
Restrict a value to a certain interval. Read more
This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==. Read more
This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason. Read more
This method returns an ordering between self and other values if one exists. Read more
This method tests less than (for self and other) and is used by the < operator. Read more
This method tests less than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the <= operator. Read more
This method tests greater than (for self and other) and is used by the > operator. Read more
This method tests greater than or equal to (for self and other) and is used by the >= operator. Read more
Returns the type identifier of Self.

Auto Trait Implementations

Blanket Implementations

Updates an array of accessible properties. Read more
Updates an array of accessible relations. Read more
Updates an array of accessible states. Read more
Gets the TypeId of self. Read more
Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
Upcasts an object to a superclass or interface T. Read more
Upcasts an object to a reference of its superclass or interface T. Read more
Tries to downcast to a subclass or interface implementor T. Read more
Tries to downcast to a reference of its subclass or interface implementor T. Read more
Tries to cast to an object of type T. This handles upcasting, downcasting and casting between interface and interface implementors. All checks are performed at runtime, while downcast and upcast will do many checks at compile-time already. Read more
Tries to cast to reference to an object of type T. This handles upcasting, downcasting and casting between interface and interface implementors. All checks are performed at runtime, while downcast and upcast will do many checks at compile-time already. Read more
Casts to T unconditionally. Read more
Casts to &T unconditionally. Read more

Returns the argument unchanged.

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

Returns true if the object is an instance of (can be cast to) T.
Returns the type of the object.
Returns the ObjectClass of the object. Read more
Returns the class of the object.
Returns the class of the object in the given type T. Read more
Returns the interface T of the object. Read more
Sets the property property_name of the object to value value. Read more
Sets the property property_name of the object to value value. Read more
Sets multiple properties of the object at once. Read more
Sets multiple properties of the object at once. Read more
Gets the property property_name of the object and cast it to the type V. Read more
Gets the property property_name of the object. Read more
Check if the object has a property property_name of the given type_. Read more
Get the type of the property property_name of this object. Read more
Get the ParamSpec of the property property_name of this object.
Return all ParamSpec of the properties of this object.
Freeze all property notifications until the return guard object is dropped. Read more
Set arbitrary data on this object with the given key. Read more
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Retrieve previously set arbitrary data of this object with the given key. Read more
Set arbitrary data on this object with the given key. Read more
Return previously set arbitrary data of this object with the given key. Read more
Retrieve previously set arbitrary data of this object with the given key. Read more
Block a given signal handler. Read more
Unblock a given signal handler.
Stop emission of the currently emitted signal.
Stop emission of the currently emitted signal by the (possibly detailed) signal name.
Connect to the signal signal_name on this object. Read more
Connect to the signal signal_id on this object. Read more
Connect to the signal signal_name on this object. Read more
Connect to the signal signal_id on this object. Read more
Connect to the signal signal_name on this object. Read more
Connect to the signal signal_id on this object. Read more
Connect a closure to the signal signal_name on this object. Read more
Connect a closure to the signal signal_id on this object. Read more
Limits the lifetime of closure to the lifetime of the object. When the object’s reference count drops to zero, the closure will be invalidated. An invalidated closure will ignore any calls to invoke_with_values, or invoke when using Rust closures. Read more
Emit signal by signal id. Read more
Same as Self::emit but takes Value for the arguments.
Emit signal by its name. Read more
Emit signal by its name. Read more
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Emit signal by its name with details. Read more
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Emit signal by signal id with details. Read more
Disconnect a previously connected signal handler.
Connect to the notify signal of the object. Read more
Connect to the notify signal of the object. Read more
Connect to the notify signal of the object. Read more
Notify that the given property has changed its value. Read more
Notify that the given property has changed its value. Read more
Downgrade this object to a weak reference.
Add a callback to be notified when the Object is disposed.
Add a callback to be notified when the Object is disposed. Read more
Bind property source_property on this object to the target_property on the target object. Read more
Returns the strong reference count of this object.
Runs the dispose mechanism of the object. Read more
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The resulting type after obtaining ownership.
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The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
Performs the conversion.
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